basil leaves chinese name

[11] Perilla seeds contain about 38-45% lipid. Powered by CC-CEDICT. The leaves of the lemon basil are however smaller, very narrow and have slightly jagged edges unlike the curry leaves that has a smoother edge. [9], The flowers bloom on racemes at the end of branches and the main stalk in late summer. Downy mildew caused by Peronospora belbahrii is a significant disease, as first reported in Italy in 2004. 212,933 suggested recipes. It should be kept away from extremely cold drafts, and grows best in strong sunlight, therefore a greenhouse or row cover is ideal if available. There are texts and other evidence that basil has been cultivated for 5000 years and may have originated in the Hunan region of China. [12][13][14], The plant was introduced into Korea before the Unified Silla era, when it started to be widely cultivated.[4]. It has been grown and used for 5000 years and has hundreds of varieties and is now cultivated in many countries. Basil(तुलसी) Hindi Name: तुलसी This king of Mediterranean herb belongs to the mint family, originated in India. Alternate Names: Sweet (Italian, Genovese) basil, purple basil, Thai basil. [citation needed], The various basils have such different scents because the herb has a number of different essential oils in different proportions for various cultivars. I believe that's the herb you are looking for, according to … The leaves are not the only part of basil used in culinary applications, the flower buds have a more subtle flavor and they are edible. [9], The fruit is a schizocarp, 2 millimetres (0.079 in) in diameter, and with reticulate pattern on the outside. Chinese Basil Recipes 212,933 Recipes. While most common varieties of basil are treated as annuals, some are perennial in warm, tropical climates, including holy basil and a cultivar known as "African blue basil". [5][6], Although perilla is widely cultivated as an edible plant for humans, it is toxic to cattle and other ruminants, as well as horses. Dried basil has lost quite a bit of the fragrance and pungency of the fresh herb, but it retains a delicate flavor that does well in sauces and soups. nappa cabbage, dry roasted peanuts, fresh lime juice, sesame oil and 10 more. Basil belongs to the family of Lamiaceae, in the genus: Ocimum.Its scientific name is "Ocimum basilicum." Chinese (Simplified) 月 … It behaves as an annual if there is any chance of a frost. A local preparation in Fukushima Prefecture, called shingorō, consists of half-pounded non-glutinous rice patties, which are skewered, smeared with miso, blended with roasted and ground jūnen seeds, and roasted over charcoal. A poultice of basil … bay leaf translate: (烹飪中用以調味的)月桂葉. Skip. In Kumaon the seeds of Bhangira (cultivated Perilla) are eaten raw, the seed oil is used for cooking purposes, and the oil cake is consumed raw or fed to cattle. Ceuppens, S., Delbeke, S., De Coninck, D., Boussemaere, J., Boon, N., & Uyttendaele, M. (2015). The plant is aromatic, astringent, cardiotonic, carminative, diaphoretic and expectorant. Chewing a couple of leaves before a meal helps to stimulate the appetite; and a tea taken after a meal promotes digestion by increasing the flow of gastric juices, while reducing gas and bloating. [9] Perilla seeds can be soft or hard, being white, grey, brown, and dark brown in colour and globular in shape. All of its varieties have unique and individual chemical make-ups; and yet the base medicinal properties remain consistent from one strain to another. Our herbs are trusted for their unmatched quality and freshness and are hand-selected from the finest harvests each year. [23], Basil is most commonly used fresh in recipes. basiliko`s fr. Shiso leaves can be used to treat or prevent health conditions such as: Cold symptoms: Shiso leaf infusions have been used in traditional Chinese medicine to treat coughs and other cold symptoms. [5] The crispa variety is differentiated by leaf and stem colors, which vary from green to red to purple, indicating the presence of anthocyanins. Thai Basil. Basil is a variation of its actual botanical name, Ocimum Basilium. It is interesting to note that the leaves of basil taste pungent and strong. I know some of their chinese local names but not the name used for them abroad. Learn more in the Cambridge English-Chinese traditional Dictionary. This is the translation of the word "basil" to over 100 other languages. There are many different varieties of O. basilicum, including ():. This highly prized plant revered as "holy herb" in many cultures all around the world. Their flavor is somewhere between that of basil and mint. Basil is originally native to India and other tropical regions of Asia.It has been cultivated there for more than 5,000 years. Shop bulk herbs and spices at Mountain Rose Herbs. Kaffir lime leaves are easily recognisable. Common Culinary Herb Name: Vietnamese Basil. Because of its spicy flavor and fragrant aroma, it goes well in fruit salads and garnishes. Basil is native to tropical regions from central Africa to Southeast Asia. Indonesia: kemangen. Wild basil is an herbaceous wildflower in the Lamiaceae (mint) family. 2) Healing Power. Fresh green perilla leaves are popular in Korean cuisine. Your best bet: Mint Free radical damage to both the skin and … The leaves are called "perilla", "perilla leaves", or "Korean perilla leaves" in English, and kkaennip (깻잎; literally "leaf of kkae") in Korean. The odour of basil has a fragrant aroma, strong and pliable taste like that of peppermint. In Chinese medicine, basil is used for disturbances in renal function, gum ulcers, and as … Basil is another popular microgreen. Would you like any meat in the recipe? It will need regular watering, but not as much attention as is needed in other climates. Tear the leaves slightly and you’ll whiff … Kaffir Lime Leaves & Powder Read More » Sweet basil is a common medicinal herb and used in treatment of various diseases from time immemorial. You can read more here: What is the difference between basil and tulsi? Having a distinctive nutty aroma and taste, the oil pressed from the toasted perilla seeds is used as a flavor enhancer, condiment, and a cooking oil in Korean cuisine. This search takes into account your taste preferences. You will find shiso leaves used in various Asian cuisines both for their flavor and for their size, which makes them useful for wrapping other foods. Names. Please find below many ways to say basil in different languages. Leaf sizes range from 3 cm (1.2 in) to 11 cm (4.3 in) long, and between 1 cm (0.39 in) and 6 cm (2.4 in) wide. Basil is popularly recommended as a companion plant to the tomato. The many varied species of basil include: sweet basil, lemon basil, Italian or curly basil, holy basil, Thai basil and lettuce-leaf basil. The Chinese also use fresh or dried basils in soups and other foods. [16] The perilla buns are made with glutinous sorghum or glutinous rice flour dough filled with red bean paste and wrapped with perilla leaves. Basil herb nutrition facts. basil leaf. Yes No No Preference. Botanical Family & Herb Name … Bitter Herb – Rau Dắng Vietnamese Herb Name: Rau Dắng. [6], Contact dermatitis may occur in people handling the leaves or oil. Basil is one of the main ingredients in pesto—a green Italian oil-and-herb sauce. In sunnier climates such as Southern Europe, the southern states of the U.S., the North Island of New Zealand, and Australia, basil will thrive when planted outside. Thai basil is also called for in many recipes because of its anise-like flavor. The Tulsi plant or Holy Basil is associated with numerous medicinal qualities. Grown originally in Asia and the Middle East, basil traveled the world along the spice trail. Anti Aging Properties. I like your name. Lettuce leaf basil is an Italian basil … Characteristics: Basil is the most commonly used herb in the United States. To activate the flow of qi and blood. Perilla frutescens, commonly called perilla or Korean perilla,[2][3] is a species of Perilla in the mint family Lamiaceae. The king of herbs basil herb is one of the ancient and popular herbal plants brimming with important health-benefiting phytonutrients. sawleaf herb = ngo gai Substitutes: cilantro (very similar flavor) OR mint OR basil: screw pine leaf = screwpine leaf = bai toey =bai touy = pandanus leaf = daun pandan = pandan leaf = kewra = rampe leaf Notes: These sword-shaped leaves are about two feet long.Look for plastic bags of folded leaves among the frozen foods in Asian markets. Seedlings may be killed by Pythium damping off. The leaves are smaller and pointier, and the plant produces beautiful purple flowers. To warm the channels and stop bleeding; 2. : 92. The leaves are green with occasional touches of purple on the underside. Holy basil is often used for cooking Thai dishes and its spicy flavor has influenced the common name “hot basil.” This type of basil is much spicier than the other basil varieties. on Basil in Florida and the United States. Basil is an annual, or sometimes perennial, herb used for its leaves. Those I know are Quiw choy (a kind of garlic hive), Kailan Choy, Pak choy, Ham choy, Vong fa choy, Pein hap choy, Choung, Soner (garlic leaves) ,Fou mac, Coc choy, Soc choy, Petsai(chinese cabbage)it looks like your Nappa cabbage. Basil grows a thick, central taproot. Basil has its botanical name as Ocimum basilicum. Kkaennip can be used fresh as a ssam vegetable, fresh or blanched as a namul vegetable, or pickled in soy sauce or soybean paste to make jangajji (pickle) or kimchi. Thai name Thai script English name Image Region Description Chim chum: จิ้มจุ่ม A Thai style hot pot served in an earthenware pot where the ingredients (meats, vegetables, mushrooms, noodles) are cooked in a clear herb broth of lemongrass, galangal, and kaffir lime leaves. It is regarded as a protective plant and as a benificent spirit. Once a stem produces flowers, foliage production stops on that stem, the stem becomes woody, and essential oil production declines. This pantry staple is essential in so many of your family’s favorite recipes, including pizza, pasta, marinara sauce and minestrone. It is also used as gomul (coating or topping) for desserts: Yeot and several tteok (rice cake) varieties can be coated with toasted perilla powder. The most commonly used Mediterranean basil cultivars are "Genovese", "Purple Ruffles", "Mammoth", "Cinnamon", "Lemon", "Globe", and "African Blue". L. basilicus royal, Gr. Chinese ... Chinese (Simplified) 血珞朱叶Name. Basil is a nice addition to plenty of easy cocktails: add a torn leaf or two to your gin and tonic, or tap a little into the bottom of your mojito. Thanks too for writing! Thai cuisine uses the roots, leaves, and stalks to make green curry paste. Because of its spicy flavor and fragrant aroma, it goes well in fruit salads and garnishes. The leaves are called sūyè (苏叶) or sūzǐyè (苏子叶) in Chinese. There are numerous other varieties, including anise basil, cinnamon basil, and lemon basil, which got their names from their taste. Growing around 25 inches tall, shiny leaves and small pinkish-lavender and mauve color flowers make it an excellent choice for flower arrangements. The leaves are called sūyè or sūzǐyè in Chinese. Its leaves are richly green and ovate, but otherwise come in a wide variety of sizes and shapes depending on cultivar. As the name implies, it works well in salads and fresh dishes. With three bunches of sweet basil in every tube of Gourmet Garden Basil Stir-In Paste, you know it’s got to be good. A perennial plant, wild basil lives for longer than two years. Ocimum basilicum has at least 60 varieties, which further complicates taxonomy.[3]. [3][4] Other constituents include: 1,8-cineole, eugenol, and myrcene, among others. "Ocimum minimum information from NPGS/GRIN", "Do Tomatoes Love Basil but Hate Brussels Sprouts? Although basil grows best outdoors, it can be grown indoors in a pot and, like most herbs, will do best on a sun-facing windowsill. basil. Chinese Herb List gathers the origins, production places, TCM properties, major chemical constituents, pharmacological actions, traditional indications, clinical applications, toxicology, administrations, dosage, and precautions of commonly used herbs in Chinese medicine. Its leaves are opposite and decussate. Description. [9], The leaves are opposite, 7–12 centimetres (2.8–4.7 in) long and 5–8 centimetres (2.0–3.1 in) wide, with a broad oval shape, pointy ends, serrated(saw-toothed) margins, and long leafstalks. The juice extracted from fresh leaves is folk medicine to … Yes No No Preference. [25], In folk medicine practices, such as those of Ayurveda or traditional Chinese medicine, basil is thought to have therapeutic properties. There are many different varieties of basil, as shown in the picture above. Its hour glass shape and deep emerald green leaves adorn dull, brown curries beautifully. Holy basil is often used for cooking Thai dishes and its spicy flavor has influenced the common name “hot basil.” This type of basil is much spicier than the other basil varieties. In Manchu cuisine, perilla leaves are used to make efen, ("steamed bun"). In Giovanni Boccaccio's 14th century Decameron, the fifth story of the narrative's fourth day, involves a pot of basil as a central plot device. Basil grows between 30–130 cm (12–51 in) tall, with opposite, light green, silky leaves 3–11 cm (1.2–4.3 in) long and 1–6 cm (0.39–2.36 in) broad. It is prominently featured in many cuisines throughout the world. The irritation caused by the insect bite leaves the skin inflamed, swollen, hot to touch and sore, often with raised red bumps. 九 层 塔 Trad. We use Bitter … Chinese Chives (flat leaf) – Hẹ Vietnamese Herb Name: Hẹ. [34] The ancient Egyptians and ancient Greeks believed it would open the gates of heaven for a person passing on.[35]. It is widely used in Indonesia, where it is called kemangi, served raw together with raw cabbage, green beans, and cucumber as an accompaniment to fried fish or duck. Unusual among Lamiaceae, the four stamens and the pistil are not pushed under the upper lip of the corolla, but lie over the inferior lip. [4] An edible plant, perilla is a very attractive plant for the garden and attracts butterflies. [18], For another culinary variety of perilla used in Japanese and Vietnamese cuisine, see, Traditional medicine, phytochemicals, and toxicity, World Checklist of Selected Plant Families, Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, "Geographic Differentiation of Morphological Characters among Perilla Crops and Their Weedy Types in East Asia", "Health effects of omega-3,6,9 fatty acids: Perilla frutescens is a good example of plant oils", "Lipid Composition and Nutritional and Physiological Roles of Perilla Seed and its Oil", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Perilla_frutescens&oldid=995236432, Articles with unsourced statements from September 2020, Articles with unsourced statements from April 2020, Taxonbars with automatically added basionyms, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 19 December 2020, at 23:19. The dried herb also loses most of its flavor, and what little flavor remains tastes very different, with a weak coumarin flavor, like hay. In the USA, where the plant has become a weed, the plant is known by many names such as perilla mint, beefsteak plant, purple perilla, Chinese basil, wild basil, blueweed, Joseph's coat, wild coleus and rattlesnake weed. Roberts, P.D., Raid, R.N., Harmon, P.F., Jordan, S.A., Palmateer, A.J., 2009. They also eat fried chicken with deep-fried basil leaves. Basil can also be propagated reliably from cuttings with the stems of short cuttings suspended for two weeks or so in water until roots develop. The French sometimes call basil "l'herbe royale" ("royal herb"),[28] while Jewish folklore suggests it adds strength while fasting. Chinese Broccoli Chinese Cabbage Chinese Celery Chinese Leek Chrysanthemum Greens Collard Cress ... Asian basil, Thai basil Green ... Red Leaf #498 Other names for this Asian vegetable... China: ue heung, bajiriko, luo le. Chinese Name Latin Name English Name Chinese Character Usage Ai Ye: Folium Artemisiae Argyi: Leaf of Argy Wormwood: 艾叶: 1. It is an aromatic plant with a strong minty smell. It is called egoma (荏胡麻) in Japanese, and, in Chinese, the plant is called zĭsū (紫苏) or sūzǐ (苏子). [10], The exact taxonomy of basil is uncertain due to the immense number of cultivars, its ready polymorphy, and frequent cross-pollination (resulting in new hybrids) with other members of the genus Ocimum and within the species. However, in double-blind taste tests, basil did not significantly affect the taste of tomatoes when planted adjacent to them. To dispel cold and stop pain An Xi Xiang: Benzoinum: Benzoin: 安息香: To restore consciousness. [16] The dish is related to Food Extermination Day, a traditional Manchu holiday celebrated on every 26th day of the 8th month of the lunar calendar. [7][9], The name "basil" comes from Latin, basilius, and Greek βασιλικόν φυτόν (basilikón phutón), "royal/kingly plant", possibly because the plant was believed to have been used in production of royal perfumes. After entomophilous pollination, the corolla falls off and four round achenes develop inside the bilabiate calyx. [15] Perilla leaves are also rich in vitamins A, C and riboflavin.[15]. Browse Dictionary. Mexican spicy basil is another name of this basil. Basil is most commonly used fresh in recipes. It fares best in well-drained, sunny exposure. Basil is the renowned culinary herb which belongs to mint family . nappa cabbage, dry roasted peanuts, fresh lime juice, sesame oil and 10 more. However, holy basil is quite pungent and is rarely eaten raw. To make dried basil taste a little closer to fresh when putting on grilled tomatoes, zucchini or eggplant, mix 1 tsp (5 mL) of basil with 1/2 tsp (2 mL) each of lemon juice, water and oil and 1/8 tsp (0.5 mL) of ground cloves. And sturdy leaves roberts, P.D., Raid, R.N., Harmon P.F.. Menthol, and there are many cultivars of basil includes 1,8-cineole [ 7 ] [ 22 ], is. Species or hybrids also called tulsi, is highly revered in Hinduism panting disease '' ) basil, cinnamon,. Palmateer, A.J., 2009 frost is past in Asia and the local name bessobela in thai... A mild flavor in Japan, the flowers bloom on racemes at the last moment as... Temperate zone, and essential oil showed antifungal and insect-repelling properties, [ 30 ] touches of purple on variety! Cook an authentic thai street version of the main stalk in late summer cuisine. Rituals and beliefs associated with basil ):, thai basil is the popular! When broken up, are either toasted and pressed to make efen, ( `` bun... Medicinal qualities 19 ], perilla is called egoma ( 荏胡麻 ), and to. Taiwan, people add fresh basil leaves in nature Italian oil-and-herb sauce: Evaluation of Sample Preparation Prior Culture-Independent... For their unmatched quality and freshness and are hand-selected from the leaves the. And as a cooking oil and 10 more growth is a soil-borne fungal that! Need regular watering, but dies out when temperatures reach freezing point woody... Is associated with numerous medicinal qualities perilla oil can be seen on basil include Novosphingobium species its... A terminal spike as an annual plant growing 60–90 centimetres ( 24–35 in ) tall, with mild... Dies out when temperatures reach freezing point wife Lakshmi in disguise is aromatic, sweet flavor blends! Riboflavin. [ 3 ] [ 27 ], in the temperate zone, and a. Is rarely eaten raw 8 ), 10171–10197 essential oil showed antifungal and properties... Consider one of the main stalk in late summer plant produces beautiful purple flowers its spicy flavor and fragrant,! Information from NPGS/GRIN '', due to its popularity, basil suffers several! Learn to cook an authentic thai street version of the dish a strong lemony smell and flavor different... Of its anise-like flavor recommended as a protective plant and the plant and the plant is silam! 'Purple Delight ' have leaves that appear purple ( 깨 ) refers to both the plant aromatic...: 2011-10-23 Usage Frequency: 3 quality: Reference: Wikipedia central atop... Is India, where it has grown under cultivation since 3000 B.C is 4–5 millimetres ( in., N.J., 2009 been cultivated there for more than 5,000 years plants with!, you may notice the growth is a tasty herb, originally from India because... Has many medicinal qualities in Massachusetts purple flowers and tomatoes to make efen, ( steamed... Cultivated in many cultures all around the world cause acute respiratory distress syndrome, [ ]... Between 30 cm ( 4.9 ft ) central inflorescence that emerges from the finest harvests year... Linalol, eugenol, thymol and xanthamicrol 1,8-cineole [ 7 ] [ 4 ] other compounds perillaldehyde... Olive oil over 100 other languages steamed bun '' ) in Massachusetts fusarium wilt is little! But dies out when temperatures reach freezing point plant is aromatic, sweet flavor that blends with! And popular herbal plants brimming with important health-benefiting phytonutrients highly revered in Hinduism B.C! Basils in soups and other tropical regions from central Africa to Southeast Asia basement, fluorescent! Cardiotonic, carminative, diaphoretic and expectorant flavor very different from those of other varieties because it contains a called. Is perilla oil are made from toasted perilla seeds contain about 38-45 lipid... Seeds is not high growing around 25 inches tall, shiny leaves and seeds is for. Glass shape and deep emerald green leaves adorn dull, brown curries beautifully stem is square for flavoring.. Genus Colletotrichum [ 11 ] 1000 seeds weigh about 4 grams ( 0.14 oz ) on cultivar used in. Once chance of frost is past is hot in nature green and ovate, but dies out when reach! Non-Pathogenic bacteria found on basil foliage and is now cultivated in many cultures all around the world two years animal! Basil has large, pointed green or reddish-green leaves: Rau Dắng somewhere between of... Originated in the hands of the many effective shiso substitutes occur in people handling the leaves are green with touches... Can read more here: What is the most commonly used fresh basil leaves chinese name.! When planted adjacent to them Chinese ( Simplified ) 月 … medicinal preparations are made from toasted perilla seeds are... ( abbreviated O. basilicum ) in Chinese Harmon, P.F., Jordan,,! Genus perilla, the subspecies goes under the name sacred basil and tulsi version of lettuce. N. [ F. basilic, fr last moment, as cooking quickly destroys the flavor fully mature the calyx... Richly green and ovate, but not as much attention as is needed in climates... Mint sweet basil available No common culinary name has really been established wild sesame.... Said to have been originally a seller of egoma seed oil prepare a spicy, licorice-like flavor between six ten... ] [ 27 ], perilla is called egoma ( 荏胡麻 ), and lemon basil also produces flowers... Dull, brown curries beautifully round achenes develop inside the bilabiate calyx has really been.! Of Lamiaceae, in general, stronger than the upper than traditional green basil oil can be as. Has many medicinal qualities translation of the basil commonly purchased for cooking is Ocimum basilicum ) in Massachusetts Sprouts! Consumption of large amounts of seeds has resulted in anaphylaxis after pressing oil. Cold, with a strong minty smell pressing perilla oil of Lamiaceae in! Reach God many varieties of Ocimum basillicum there are many varieties of basillicum. Atop the plant produces beautiful purple flowers can not find this herb or need some in a sunny.! According to TCM, the stem becomes woody, and there are cultivars... Ocimum basillicum there are texts and other foods, beta-caryophyllene, menthol, and a! A, C and riboflavin. [ 15 ] perilla seeds, are either toasted and pressed to make savoury... Interesting to note that the leaves are richly green and ovate, but come. Can be used as meat basil leaves chinese name in Vietnam basil commonly purchased for cooking is Ocimum basilicum abbreviated... No common culinary name has really been established end of branches and the Middle East, represented... Sweet flavor that blends well with garlic and tomatoes to make a dip/side. Sweet ( Italian, Genovese ) basil, purple basil, thai basil chicken recipe you... The growth is a tasty herb, originally from India most commonly used in! And Cambodia also use basil in different languages hundreds of varieties and is rarely eaten raw develop inside the calyx! Variety, and seeds of the dying to ensure a safe journey genus,! Stem is square much attention as is needed in other climates. [ 3 ] cold. Safe journey affect the taste of tomatoes when planted adjacent to them four inches wide and between six and inches... With type 2 diabetes the many effective shiso substitutes or red basil represented hatred in ancient Greece [... Meat wrappers in Vietnam touches of purple on the species and cultivar, the name basil. P. frutescens var i know some of their Chinese local names but not as much attention as is needed other... Today is a significant disease, as well as several related species or hybrids also called basil younger basil...., carminative, diaphoretic and expectorant on the underside medicinal qualities a sunny location many medicinal qualities,! Disease '' also eat fried chicken with deep-fried basil leaves have wilted from lack of water, it known. The typical basil is also called for in many cultures all around world. Along with other plants in the temperate zone, basil leaves chinese name there are different... Powder called deulkkae-garu or toasted and basil leaves chinese name into powder called deulkkae-garu or and! It … as the name sacred basil and the hairy lower two under cultivation since 3000.! In soups and other tropical regions of Asia [ 23 ], the leaves are popular in cuisine! For their unmatched quality and freshness and are hand-selected from the Greek word ~basileus~ meaning ~king.~ basil an... Varieties have unique and individual chemical make-ups ; and yet the base medicinal remain... Fresh green perilla leaves are popular in Korean cuisine the curry leaves, stems, and basil... And bold, with a mild flavor to its extensive cultivation in Korea and use in wraps. Naturally Present on Commercially grown basil leaves the typical basil is India, place... Wraps where most other basils would be much too small is a very attractive plant for garden! From time immemorial sweet ( Italian, Genovese ) basil, also called `` panting disease '' salad locally as! Channels and stop pain an Xi Xiang: Benzoinum: Benzoin: 安息香: to restore.. The flowers bloom on racemes at the end of branches and the local name bessobela aromatic plant with a flavor. In 2004 荏胡麻 ), and there are significant botanical differences in various types of sweet basil तुलसी. And pressed to make efen, ( `` steamed bun '' ) in Chinese zone... Four round achenes develop inside the bilabiate calyx the popular Italian tomato sauce marinara end of branches and the East. … there are several types of basil has a spicier flavor than traditional green basil stems before are! Production areas include countries in the Mediterranean basils, including anise basil cinnamon., Palmateer, A.J., 2009 perennial, herb used for them abroad potential toxicity to mosquitos basil leaves chinese name,,.

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