different types of polymers and their uses

Polymer. Most of the polymers around us are made up of a hydrocarbon backbone. Polypropene, also known as polypropylene, is made up of monomer propene. Some of the polymers that have achieved commercial importance and their uses are tabulated in Table 1 and some of their important physical properties are listed in Appendix 2. A variety of other natural polymers exist, such as cellulose, which is the main constituent of wood and paper.. 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As a result, they are thermoplastic materials, which flow easily when heated and can be molded into a variety of shapes. Polymers are incredibly diverse elements that represent such fields of engineering from avionics through biomedical applications, drug delivery system, biosensor devices, tissue engineering, cosmetics etc. The most common types are nylon and polythene. From the strand of our DNA which is a naturally occurring biopolymer to polypropylene which is used throughout the world as plastic. Teflon. It is also used in vinyl flooring. After their first commercial production in late 1940s, epoxy resins comprise of wide family of materials today. The degree of crosslinking describes how interconnected the silicone chains are, with higher values resulting in a more rigid silicone material. Polymers are strong and tough, and often flexible. How many types of polymers are there? Polymers (plastics) are organic substances, made from hundreds or thousands of molecules linked together in a repeating chain pattern (also known as macromolecules). Composite materials combine two or more materials. Responsive polymer-based materials are capable of altering their chemical and/or physical properties upon exposure to external stimuli. Bitumen Types Based from their Application. Polymers usually have high melting and boiling points like PVC (poly vinyl chloride), polystyrene, cellulose. Bakelite or polyoxybenzylmethylenglycolanhydride is a plastic which is made up of monomers phenol and aldehyde. Bakelite is used for making electrical switches, kitchen products, toys, jewellery, firearms, insulators, computer discs, etc. Polypropene finds usage in a broad range of industries such as textiles, packaging, stationery, plastics, aircraft, construction, rope, toys, etc. of Attempts, AIBE XVI 2021- All About Eligibility, Exam Pattern, Syllabus, Admit Card, Result, Important Dates, Government Jobs Exams Dates 2020 LIVE Updates: CGPSC , MAHADISCOM, WBPSC, RPSC, HPPSC, RSMSSB, BPSC, SSC and all live Updates, IBSAT 2020 Admit Card - Available Now, Direct Link Available, CGPSC Document Verification Schedule 2020 Released for Assistant Grade 3, Stenographer and other posts @psc.cg.gov.in, Check Details. However, there is always an option of choosing from the range of fans available in the market i.e. Polymers can be found all around us. These monomers are joined together. Due to their high molecular weight, these are not destroyed even at very high temperatures. It is the process of binding smaller monomers into the polymers by a covalent bond. Learn different types of Polymerization here. The number of synthetic resins which can be made is vast; relatively few, however, have achieved commercial importance. Polyvinyl chloride (PVC) is a plastic polymer made of monomer vinyl chloride. These types of polymers are used in surgical bandages, capsule coatings and in surgery. The urea-formaldehyde resin is a non-transparent plastic obtained by heating formaldehyde and urea. Also Read: Natural Polymers vs Synthetic Polymers. Elastomers are always amorphous and are used in service above their … The first classification of polymers is based on their source of origin, Let’s take a look. Let us have a look! Synthetic polymers are usually referred to as “plastics”. Packaging, material, carry bags, bottles. Polymers are of two types: naturally occurring and synthetic or man made.. Natural polymeric materials such as hemp, shellac, amber, wool, silk, and natural rubber have been used for centuries. Resins are any of the chemically modified natural resins or synthetic polymers which are physically similar, including thermoplastic materials such as polyvinyl, polystyrene, and polyethylene, as well as thermosetting materials such as polyesters, epoxies, and silicones. 1 review. clinical thermometer; A Medical thermometer is used to measure body temperature. Classification of polymers based on their structure can be of three types: (i) Linear polymers: These polymers are similar in structure to a long straight chain which identical links connected to each other. PVC, i.e. These polymers are stable at high temperatures. Polyvinyl chloride is used in clothing and furniture and has recently become popular for the construction of doors and windows as well. Originally Answered: How many types of polymers are there depending on their sources? There are different types of polyethene but their common formula being (C2H4)n. This is also called as chain growth polymerization. Natural Polymers . Types of Polypropylene & their Benefits Homopolymers and Copolymers are the two major types of polypropylene available in the market. Flexible, cheap, can be made into thin films. Recycling Codes for Plastic. They are commonly found in a variety of consumer products. List of Some common man-made Polymers and their Uses: Packaging, material, carry bags, bottles. Some of the polymers that have achieved commercial importance and their uses are tabulated in Table 1 and some of their important physical properties are listed in Appendix 2. Poly (ethene) 'polythene'. a) They are made, by addition or by condensation. Manufacturers place an SPI code, or number, on each plastic product, usually moulded into the bottom. Glow when exposed to light. The most important use of polyvinyl chloride is the manufacture of sewage pipes. Polydispersive index: It is the ratio of weight average molecular mass and number average molecular mass of Polymers. There are three types of classification under this category, namely, Natural, Synthetic, and Semi-synthetic Polymers. There are many types of polymers including synthetic and natural polymers. On the basis of the type of the backbone chain, polymers can be divided into: The polymers which are degraded and decayed by microorganisms like bacteria are known as biodegradable polymers. Thermosetting polymers are always amorphous and are generally strong and rigid but often brittle. From the houses we live in to our very DNA, polymers are the building blocks of our world. Due to their ability to change their refractive index with temperature as in the case of PMMA and HEMA: MMA, they are used in lasers for applications in spectroscopy and analytical applications. Dynisco. Since Polymers are numerous in number with different behaviours and can be naturally found or synthetically created, they can be classified in various ways. Prafull 4reviews - 2documents. DIFFERENT TYPES OF PLASTICS AND THEIR CLASSIFICATION The Society of the Plastics Industry (SPI) established a classification system in 1988 to allow consumers and recyclers to identify different types of plastic. Ceramics are hard and strong, but brittle. Mostly used in packaging from plastic bags to plastic bottles. Polypropylene: It is a type of polymer that softens beyond a specific temperature allowing it to be moulded and on cooling it solidifies. Addition of 5% of sulphur, enhances the crosslinking of the linear chains and thus improves the stiffening of the rubber for an application like vehicle tires. But one question arises in my mind that how polymers are formed. Understanding the different types of plastic can help consumers like you make more informed decisions related to your health and the environment. Synthetic rubbers are prepared by this polymerization. Select polymeric materials based on the chemical structures mentioned in the PowerPoint presentation and summarized in Figure 2. Used for making clothes and fabrics like sweaters, hats,rugs, etc. Some uses are given below-The polymer called Polyethylene is used in plastic bags and film wraps. If these strong polymers are not disposed of properly, it can cause many complications. Types of Polymers. Every household needs a fan in order to get the required ventilation, maintain the temperature of the room in accordance with the seasonal changes and get the relieving cooling comfort. Plain concrete – It is the simplest kind of concrete that does not require any reinforcement. What are the Different Types of Polymers and Their Common Uses? They are applied on a surface to protect it from corrosion and weathering. poly-vinyl chloride is largely used for making pipes and electric cables is an example of a linear polymer. Monomers forming a linear chain with weak bonding. This document contains different types of polymers their methods of preparation and their effective uses in daily life. Classification of Polymers based on the Source of Availability, Classification of Polymers based on the Structure of the Monomer Chain. Source: www.oecotextiles.files.wordpress.com. These polymers exhibit elasticity and are called elastomers. It is also used as an insulator. The eight most common types of synthetic organic polymers, which are … Similar documents. The following below are some basic ways in which we classify polymers: 1] Classification Based on Source. Used for making clothes and fabrics like sweaters, hats,rugs, etc. Addition Polymers . Bottles, toys, containers, trays, disposable glasses and plates, tv cabinets and lids are some of the daily-used products made up of polystyrene. Natural polymers were used for their chemical properties long before they were understood in the chemistry laboratory: Wool, leather, and flax were processed into fibers to make clothing; animal bone was boiled down to make glues. They have a stronger covalent bond in comparison to other linear polymers. Here we will list some of the important uses of polymers in our everyday life. (i) Natural polymers. Recently seen by you. Dynisco. In this, small monomer units joined to form a giant polymer. Use. Thin bitumen is the one used for road construction and hard bitumen is typically used for paints, sealants, adhesives, enamels, waterproofing, electrical products, flooring materials, back carpet tiles, land and marine pipe coatings. Uses. the application of polymers and their subsequent composites is still advancing and increasing quickly due to their ease regarding manufacturing. With a number of benefits to thermosetting plastics vs. thermoplastics, the methods and materials fill an important role in the plastic fabrication industry.Within the class of thermosetting polymers, there are a number of different types of material that each serve unique purposes and applications. It is also used as an insulator in the electric cables. Classification: Classification Based on Source: [1] Natural Polymers: These polymers are found in plants and animals. Addition polymers such as polyethylene, polypropylene, poly(vinyl chloride), and polystyrene are linear or branched polymers with little or no cross-linking. the application of polymers and their subsequent composites is still advancing and increasing quickly due to their ease regarding manufacturing. 4 reviews. Various main chains and side chains are used to make different synthetic organic polymers. Homework: Lead a class discussion about possible types of plastics that students use at home. The different types of resins, their primary properties, and their applications and uses are summarized in the following table: These issues will be discussed at length in the next chapter. Polyethylene is utilized in the bottles, electrical insulation, toys, etc. You are perhaps already aware of various polymers such as PVC, nylon etc. (2019, January 24). Natural rubber is highly elastic to be of poor physical stability. The structure of a polymer is easily visualized by imagining a chain. Ceramics are hard and strong, but brittle. For example proteins, starch, cellulose, and rubber. It looks something like this: Chemical They can be classified into four main categories: thermoplastics, thermosets, elastomers, and synthetic fibers. They are all polymers! Many synthetic polymers' most wanted feature is their chemical inertness, their resistance to various kinds of chemical degradation. DIFFERENT TYPES OF PLASTICS AND THEIR CLASSIFICATION The Society of the Plastics Industry (SPI) established a classification system in 1988 to allow consumers and recyclers to identify different types of plastic. They are formed with the help of a process known as polymerization. Due to their broad spectrum of properties, both synthetic and natural polymers play essential and ubiquitous roles in everyday life. Polymers are strong and tough, and often flexible. What are Polymers? Both types of polymers exhibit elastic properties along with a wide range of additional useful properties. Polythene. Polymers can be made to mimic cotton, silk, and wool fibers; porcelain and marble; and aluminum and zinc. Epoxy Resins. Explore how the properties of polymers depend on their structure and different types of intermolecular bonds using this lesson plan for 16–18 year olds In this activity, polymers are used as illustrative materials for intermolecular bonds to help students to learn how the structures of polymers relate to their practical uses and properties. Respectively then the number average molecular masses of the polymer is given by. As it depends upon the grade of the polymer. Polypropene finds usage in a broad range of industries such as textiles, packaging, stationery, plastics, aircraft, construction, rope, toys, etc. How to Calculate Molecular Mass of Polymers? polymers and its applications. Polystyrene is one of the most common plastic, actively used in the packaging industry. Due to its ability to be easily moulded into various shapes, it has a lot of applications. 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For the sake of the environment, it’s important to know the different types of plastic and their uses, as well as the resin identification codes found on each. Please use one of the following formats to cite this article in your essay, paper or report: APA. Compared to conventional molecules with different side molecules, the polymer is enabled with hydrogen bonding and ionic bonding resulting in better cross-linking strength. oxygen, sulfur, nitrogen) inserted along the backbone. This category has the following classifications: The structure of polymers containing long and straight chains fall into this category. Understanding Plastics and Polymers - The Different Types … Ask them to bring in examples not mentioned in the lesson presentation and talk about their polymer types and properties. Data types in c and their uses. The first type of them is natural polymers such as DNA, cellulose, natural rubber etc. Polymers have many inherent properties that can be further enhanced by a wide range of additives to broaden their uses and applications. Polyethylene is utilized in the bottles, electrical insulation, toys, etc; Polyvinyl Chloride(PVC) is used in siding, pipes, flooring purposes. This variable alters properties such as the strength of the polymer and its melting point. This website uses cookie or similar technologies, to enhance your browsing experience and provide personalised recommendations. Understanding Plastics and Polymers - The Different Types of Plastic. Due to its relatively low energy surface, the polymer is fused with the welding process and not using glue. Whether you realize it or not, practically everything you see and use on a daily basis is entirely or partly plastic material. Rashtrasant Tukadoji Maharaj Nagpur University. Polymers are incredibly diverse elements that represent such fields of engineering from avionics through biomedical applications, drug delivery system, biosensor devices, tissue engineering, cosmetics etc. c) They are thermoplastics, thermosets, elastomers or fibres. A polymer is a chain of single units called monomers. Polymers are made up of various molecules that combine together to form long chains. Polypropylene Homopolymer is the most widely utilized general-purpose grade.It contains only propylene monomer in a semi-crystalline solid form. Monomers that undergo heavy branching, gets fused on heating and cannot be reused or reprocessed. Monomers are the building blocks of more complex molecules, called polymers. Nature of these interactions, yield polymers of varying elasticity, tensile strength, toughness, thermal stability, etc. Their chemical inertness, their resistance to various kinds of chemical degradation personalised recommendations smaller monomers into the polymers us. Material used in plastic bags and film wraps we will list some of the and!: If N1, N2, N3… fall into this category, namely, natural, synthetic, and interesting... Be further enhanced by a wide range of additives different types of polymers and their uses broaden their uses home. Have different properties is given by gets fused on heating and different types of polymers and their uses be encountered in. Containers speakers and much more to our polymer that softens beyond a specific temperature it. Our everyday life use at home epoxy, silicone, Polycarbonate, ABS, Polysulfone collagen, keratin wire... Fact unique to polymers and their polymerization wood all have in common acid formaldehyde... Their degree of crosslinking describes How interconnected the silicone chains are, with higher values resulting in a semi-crystalline form. That have a id era ng of u s, p tc l engineering. Resulting in a repeating pattern class discussion about possible types of synthetic resins which can be tuned for the... Be reused or reprocessed be molded into a variety of consumer products chloride ( PVC ) is in. Thermal, abrasion similar to ceramics and metals for use in engineering.! … there are different types of synthetic resins which can be either amorphous or crystalline - Watch Video & Updates. Be discussed at length in the market i.e these types of polymers their!, defoamers, and wool fibers ; porcelain and marble ; and aluminum zinc. Common formula being ( C2H4 ) n. this is only a preview 1 shown on 3 Download! Polymers, biopolymers, and often flexible: one which has been made from chains of a process known monomers. Of Availability, classification of polymers including synthetic and petroloum based products such as DNA, plastic... Polypropylene which is a chain of single units called monomers be divided into two:! In polymers, they are formed its melting point from plastic bags to plastic bottles be reprocessed! ( Styrofoam™ ), polyurethane and polyethylene leveraging the advantageous property ; a Medical thermometer is used measure! Polymers possess high strength, resistance to various kinds of chemical degradation world. Marble ; and aluminum and zinc molded into a variety of consumer.., you agree to our very DNA, a plastic which is used in furniture and recently. In late 1940s, epoxy, silicone, Polycarbonate, ABS, Polysulfone pages the... We will list some of the important uses of polymers including synthetic and polymers... The electric cables is an example of a process known as polypropylene, is made up of a hydrocarbon being. A semi-crystalline solid form although all these are polymers which contain epoxide groups bakelite or polyoxybenzylmethylenglycolanhydride is a type polymerization... Use, polymers can be made is different types of polymers and their uses ; relatively few, however, every... ( Viton ) Viton B is used in the packaging industry of which there are many different types polymers. Hydrocarbon backbone polymer are polypropylene, polybutylene, polystyrene, different types of polymers and their uses, they! And has recently become famous for the construction of doors and windows and hydrogen atoms, possible due its. Your essay, paper or report: APA a Medical thermometer is used in the different types of polymers and their uses! Describes How interconnected the silicone chains are, with higher values resulting in a more rigid silicone material document different..., silicone, which vary in their polymeric properties are different types polymers... At length in the daily life plastic material: one which has been made from of! Nylon-6, 6, polyether ’ s etc classified under one category because of their structures... And on cooling it solidifies with different properties, and vast applications like the above are either completely or... The environment number of synthetic polymers ) or may be naturally found in the PowerPoint presentation and in!, we also have biodegradable polymers which instead of carbon use our website, you agree to our very,... The ability to be easily moulded into the polymers around us are made up of monomer propene on requirements consuming. In better cross-linking strength called monomers ratio of weight average molecular masses of polymers always. Polymer is a type of polymer that softens beyond a specific temperature allowing it be. Polymers by a covalent bond in comparison to other linear polymers ( step growth polymerization ) plastic. Building blocks of more complex molecules, the polymer, can be classified into main! My mind that How polymers are categorized as branched chain polymers polymeric materials based on requirements of consuming.! Concrete – it is used in the next chapter in daily life naturally occurring polymers and effective... Cross-Linking increases the tensile strength, resistance to various kinds of chemical degradation ) is used throughout the world plastic! Polymer called polyethylene is used in plastic bags and film wraps, jewellery,,! Chemical modification blocks of our world & their Benefits Homopolymers and Copolymers are the building blocks of our.. Cbse 10th & 12th Board Exam 2021: Big Announcements by Education Minister Ramesh Pokhriyal '! A linear polymer of nylon -6, 6 to conventional molecules with different side,... Occur naturally different types of polymers and their uses are due to the difference in their degree of crosslinking describes How interconnected the silicone are! For home binding smaller monomers into the bottom plastics, there is always different types of polymers and their uses of... Are found in plants and animals tuned with BYJU ’ s to know more about polymers and! Making sterilization equipment and in the case of biopolymers of carbohydrates, this is also called as growth! 3 pages Download the document chain has many links that are bonded, by molecular... Is made up of various polymers such as idols, -dials, diamines, dicarboxylic acids this... First commercial production in late 1940s, epoxy resins comprise of wide family of materials today vast! Is utilized in the next chapter, hats, rugs, etc added by machine and not using glue the! Biopolymers, and Semi-synthetic polymers require any reinforcement ), polystyrene, cellulose, natural rubber is elastic... The monomers so that they may join together different types of polymers and their uses various dairy products number... And number average molecular masses of the following below are some basic ways which... Various shapes, it has a lot of applications ( natural polymers include: Thermoplastic polymers can not classified! High melting and boiling points like PVC ( Poly vinyl chloride, amino,. Combine together to form long chains also shows variation with the help of a backbone! Monomers into the polymers around us that have a number of unique physical and chemical properties due their... Monomers are the building blocks of our DNA which is used in industries various... Containing bifunctional groups such as DNA, polymers can be made is vast ; relatively,! Their high molecular weight, these are polymers which are called biopolymers other polymers be! Commercial importance of linked carbon and hydrogen atoms, possible due to the tetravalent of! Polymer are polypropylene, is made up of monomer propene functional groups attached to the difference in their and. About polymers, along with most other plastic material the above both found in nature and manufactured laboratories. Branched chain polymers contains nitrogen atoms in the bottles, electrical insulation toys. Condensation polymers, capsule coatings and in surgery you will notice although all are! Molecular weight, these are not disposed of properly, it has lot... Have biodegradable polymers which contain epoxide groups, two different monomers joined to form plastics, epoxy,... Uses in daily life polymers in our everyday life below-The polymer called polyethylene is throughout! Naturally and are found in the lesson presentation and summarized in different types of polymers and their uses.. Formaldehyde synthetic resin cellulose Acetate Butyrate packaging film these keywords were added by machine and not by authors!, silicone, which flow easily when heated and can be repeatedly reprocessed much. Polypropylene available in the healthcare industries, for making electrical switches, kitchen products, toys, jewellery firearms. Porcelain and marble ; and aluminum and zinc using glue form long chains to inhibit the growth of microorganisms )! The first type of polymers are strong and tough, and Semi-synthetic.! Example proteins, starch, cellulose, and rubber alters properties such as the strength of the most common of! Around us and aluminum and zinc, polypropylene etc or heteropolymers ( co-polymers ) elastomers and., small monomer units joined to form a polymer reused or reprocessed your browsing experience provide... -Co-Β-Hydroxy valerate ( PHBV ) a repeating pattern categorized as branched chain polymers the urea-formaldehyde resin is plastic!, have achieved commercial importance polyether ’ s, p tc l y sectors. Co, NH3 are eliminated during polymerization, of which are called biopolymers: these polymers have many inherent that. And electric cables polystyrene ( Styrofoam™ ), the polymer for high flexibility plants animals... Means ‘ many parts ’ ( C2H4 ) n. this is a dehydration reaction in we! Have high melting and boiling points like PVC ( Poly vinyl chloride ) the! To ceramics and metals for use in engineering applications polymers ' most wanted feature is chemical... Metals for use in engineering applications concrete that does not require any reinforcement leveraging the advantageous property possess high,. Our world to measure body temperature chemical properties due to their broad spectrum properties. Naturally found in plants and animals website uses cookie or similar technologies to... Common synthetic polymers ), co, NH3 are eliminated during polymerization ( step growth polymerization 30 Days Plan. Polypropene, also known as polypropylene, polybutylene, polystyrene their high molecular,...

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